Mid-year Exchequer returns suggest a solid Irish economy and greater scope for focussed public spending and tax changes in Budget 2020
02 July 2019
End-June data suggests Government spending under control and taxes on track
Exchequer data hint at scope for larger Budget day package of spending and tax measures
Income and spending taxes point towards solid rather than spectacular economic growth
Debt savings reflect threatening global backdrop that will weigh on activity and inflation
Key question is what fiscal measures would make the economy more stable and sustainable
Mid-year exchequer returns show Ireland’s public finances remain broadly on track to meet Budget ’19 targets with some scope for a marginally better than planned outturn. In turn, this suggests there may be scope for a slightly more generous package of spending and tax adjustments in Budget 2020 than had been planned. Our sense is that the net figure could be between €1000 and €1500 million rather than the mooted €700 million (the gross figure might be significantly larger given likely tax increases).
There can be marked shifts in the path of both Government spending and revenues as the year progresses and such variability is significantly amplified by a range of uncertainties in the near term outlook for the global economy. However, the broad message of the mid-year return is that tax receipts are on track and public spending appears to be under control. Indeed, current spending on health, while up a significant 6.8% y/y, is unusually albeit fractionally (-0.6%) behind target. It should be noted that Government spending has risen more slowly in the first half of 2019 (+4.6% y/y) than in the first half of 2018 (+8.1%) whereas tax revenues rose faster (+6.9% y/y) than a year ago (+6.5% y/y).
The trend in the main income and spending taxes is indicative of a healthy rather than hot Irish economy in the first half of 2019. Income taxes are up an encouraging 7.7%y/y but still fractionally (-0.4%) behind official targets. VAT returns are up a notably more modest 4.9% y/y and running a more substantial 1.9% behind target. These trends are consistent with solid rather than spectacular growth in household spending and the shortfall in spending tax growth relative to income taxes hints at a still cautious Irish consumer. While it is difficult to plot trends in corporation tax revenues against domestic economic performance, it is important for the health of the public finances that the previous shortfall in this area has declined markedly to the point where they are now broadly in line with target.
It should also be noted that in line with recent precedent and driven by quite dramatic declines in government borrowing costs globally, the cost of servicing Ireland’s national debt was 4.1% lower than a year ago and 2.1% lower than envisaged. In light of growing expectations for further policy easing by the European Central Bank (and the US Federal Reserve), it appears likely that Irish government borrowing costs will remain subdued for some significant timewhile the disappointing global backdrop that is prompting lower borrowing costs will also act as a restraining influence on activity and inflation in the Irish economy.
In these circumstances neither fiscal constraints nor overheating arguments appear to significantly limit the scope for adjustments in Budget 2020 that further raise public spending or curb tax growth. The key task is to quickly move beyond simplistic discussions around debt or inflationary concerns and focus on what measures would sustainably improve the productive and social infrastructure of the Irish economy. The important question now is whether any specific measure will improve things rather than whether it is affordable.
It should be emphasised that such an approach would be entirely different to one based on pushing spending and/or taxes to the bounds of what is deemed affordable. Agreeing such a framework and articulating it in spending and taxation plans would hopefully move us some distance away from the traditional circus of Budget day surprises. Importantly, this would reflect the reality that causality in terms of stability and sustainability runs primarily from Irish economic conditions to the public finances rather than the other way round.
This non-exhaustive information is based on short-term forecasts for expected developments in the economy and financial markets. KBC Bank cannot guarantee that these forecasts will materialize and cannot be held liable in any way for direct or consequential loss arising from any use of this document or its content. The document is not intended as personalised investment advice and does not constitute a recommendation to buy, sell or hold investments described herein. Although information has been obtained from and is based upon sources KBC believes to be reliable, KBC does not guarantee the accuracy of this information, which may be incomplete or condensed. All opinions and estimates constitute a judgment as of the date of the report and are subject to change without notice.