Jargon Buster

Bust through all that finance jargon with our handy A-Z guide.

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Acceptance Fee

The fee charged by some mortgage lenders to process a mortgage.

Account Number

This is the unique number given to your bank account (see IBAN).

Advance

The amount of the mortgage loan the bank releases to you.
 

Annual Equivalent Rate (AER)

The total rate of interest earned within a year, no matter how often interest is added to your account.
 

Annual Percentage Rate (APR)

The total amount of interest that’ll be paid over the entire term of the loan.
 

Annuity Mortgage

The most common type of mortgage. Each monthly repayment is made up of a figure to cover the original loan amount (capital) plus the interest charged to the mortgage account. Annuity mortgage can also be called capital and interest mortgage.

Balance

The amount of money you have in your account at any given time.
 

Bank Fees and Charges

Bank fees may be charged for transactions on your account like lodgements and withdrawals as well as for ongoing maintenance of your account. You may also be charged for additional services on your account like bank drafts or ordering duplicate statements.
 

Bank Identifier Code (BIC)

This is a unique number that identifies your bank (also known as SWIFT code or sort code). You’ll need this code (and your IBAN) to send and receive international payments.

Breakage Costs

You may have to pay breakages costs if you break the terms of a fixed interest rate loan agreement.

Broker

A financial advisor who offers advice on products available from a range of lenders.

Business Day

All days, except Saturday, Sunday or public holidays. This is when we’re open for business.

Buy-to-Let Mortgage

This is a mortgage for a property that the borrower rents out to tenants as a source of income and investment.

Capital

This is an amount saved, invested or borrowed before interest or loss is calculated.

Cheque

A written notice to a bank to pay either yourself or someone else.

Collateral

This is the security for a loan. In the case of a mortgage loan for example, the property being purchased is considered the collateral for the loan.

Consumer Price Index

This index measures the average cost of goods and services bought by consumers.

Cost of Credit

The difference between the amount you borrow and the total you repay (including interest) at the end of the loan term.

Credit Interest

This is money a bank pays you in return for the deposit of funds.

Credit Rating

A rating lenders put on borrowers and banks based on their credit worthiness.

Credit Search

This is where a bank checks your credit history with a credit reference agency. The results of a credit check may affect your ability to get credit.

Current Account

A bank account used to hold money you need on a day-to-day basis. Your current account is typically where your salary is lodged, where you withdraw cash from an ATM, pay for things using a debit card or by writing cheques, make payments by standing order or direct debit, and transfer money to other accounts.

Debit Card

This is a card linked to your bank account that allows you to pay for items at point-of-sale terminals or to withdraw cash at ATMs.

Debit Interest

This is the amount you pay to borrow money and is added to the loan.

Deposit

A sum of money invested in savings products or an amount paid to a seller when exchanging a contract to buy a property.

Deposit Account

This is a type of interest-earning savings account.

Deposit Interest Retention Tax

This is a tax on any credit interest you earn on your funds (currently 41%, but subject to change).
Check out www.revenue.ie for more information.

Deposit Rate

This is money a bank pays you in return for the deposit of funds.

Depreciation

Any decrease in the value of a property.

Direct Debit

This is a service for making payments from your bank account, for example to pay bills automatically each month.

Discounted Rate

An initial discount off the original interest rate.

ECB (European Central Bank)

This is the central bank for the euro.

Equity

This is the difference between what a property is valued at and the amount you owe on your mortgage.

Equity Fund

This is a fund that invests in stocks based on an agreed investment policy.

First Legal Charge

If a borrower defaults on their mortgage and the property is sold to repay debts, the mortgage lender will be the first party to receive any proceeds of the sale.

Fixed Interest Rate

This is an interest rate that does not change for a specified length of time.

Fixed Term

This is where you deposit funds for a set period of time.

Fixed Term Deposit

This is a type of savings account that lasts for a set length of time during which the interest rate does not change.

Fund Management

This is where professional fund managers manage investments on behalf of investors.

Gross Interest

The total interest earned on savings before DIRT is deducted.
 

Guarantor

A person other than the borrower who guarantees loan repayments.

Home Insurance

A type of insurance that protects your home against damages to the property and, in most cases, the contents as well.

IBAN (International Bank Account Number)

This is the unique number given to your bank account (see account number).

Index

This is an indicator that measures price movement in financial markets or the economy.

Indexation

This is where adjustments are made to wages based on changes in indexes such as the consumer price index.

Inflation

This is the rate of increase of the price of goods and services. When prices increase, the amount you can buy with your money decreases unless you earn more than the rate of inflation.

International Payment

A payment to and/or from an account outside the Republic of Ireland in any currency or a payment to and/or from an account in the Republic of Ireland in a currency other than in euro.

Investment

The act of investing money with the goal of making a profit.

Investment Portfolio

The collection of assets owned by an individual, group or company.

Irish Stock Exchange

This is where stockbrokers and traders can trade shares and other securities listed on the Irish Stock Exchange.

Joint Account

An account opened in more than one name, for example with a husband and wife or business partners.

Letter of Offer

This outlines the conditions of a loan and is sent to the borrower once a mortgage application has been approved.

Loan to Value (LTV)

This is the size of a mortgage loan in relation to the value of a property.

Lodgement

An amount of money paid into your bank account.

Mortgage Loan

A long-term loan used to buy property. The loan is usually secured against the borrower’s property.

Mortgage Term

The length of time specified to repay your mortgage loan.

Mutual Fund

A type of professionally managed investment fund that pools money from many investors to purchase stocks and shares.

National Sorting Code

This unique number identifies a bank and branch for domestic payments.

Negative Equity

When the value of a property is less than the mortgage owed.

Net Interest

The amount of interest you receive once DIRT has been paid. See gross interest and DIRT.
 

Online Banking

Being able to make banking transactions via the internet. Check out our online and mobile banking services.
 

Overdraft

An agreement with your bank that allows you to spend more money than you have in your account.

Passive Portfolio

Where investment managers take a passive approach to managing the fund. They use portfolios that are structured to provide returns to track a market index e.g. the ISEQ.

Payee

A person who receives a payment.

Payer

A person who makes a payment.

Payment Protection Insurance

This covers your repayments on a loan, mortgage or credit card if you suffer from an accident, illness, death or redundancy.

Personal Identification Number (PIN)

Your secret four digit number used with your credit or debit card when making a purchase or taking money from an ATM.

Personal Loan

A loan for personal use like buying a car, making home renovations or paying for a holiday. It is usually unsecured and based on your ability to repay.

Pooled Investment

Where a number of investors invest different amounts of money in a fund that’s used to buy assets including stocks, shares and properties.

Principal

The sum of money borrowed from the lender, not including the interest.

Redemption

When a mortgage loan is paid in full, including interest and all charges. This usually happens when someone moves to another property or when the end of the mortgage term is reached.

Referral Item Charges

These charges apply when cheques, withdrawals, direct debits or standing orders are presented for payment on your account and, when paid, put the account in an unauthorised overdraft position.

Remortgage

A process whereby the mortgage loan due to one mortgage lender is repaid by a new mortgage loan issued by a new mortgage lender, usually also requiring a new mortgage over the property.

Repayment Break

This allows a borrower to spread monthly repayments over a shorter number of months, for example, 10 months instead of 12, or to postpone repayments for a specified time, for example three months.

Residential investment property

A property not occupied by the owner but used to generate profit through rental income and/or capital gains.

Return

The amount of interest earned on any money invested or saved.

Risk

The possibility that an investment will not deliver as much return as expected or hoped for.

Same Day Value

With a same day value electronic payment service, you can make a payment in euro to another bank account in participating banks in the Republic of Ireland to arrive on the same day.

Savings Account

An account where you can save money and earn interest.

Security

An asset(s) that you have guaranteed to a bank or lender as security for repayment of a loan. The lender can claim this asset if you default on your loan repayments.

Single Euro Payment Area (SEPA)

SEPA is a single, transparent payment market for domestic and international euro transactions. Individuals can make an electronic payment to any recipient in the SEPA zone from their bank account using the BIC and IBAN numbers to identify the recipient's account.

Split Mortgage Rate

A percentage of the mortgage loan is set at a fixed interest rate, and the remainder at a variable interest rate. If the interest rate changes only repayments on the variable portion of the mortgage will be affected.

Standard Variable Rate

A variable interest rate set by the lender that may change at any time.

Standing Order

An instruction from you to your bank to pay a specified amount from your account at regular intervals to the account of a specified payee.

Statement

A record showing lodgements and withdrawals on your bank account.

Tax Relief at Source

This is mortgage interest relief given at source by your mortgage provider, either in the form of a reduced monthly mortgage payment or a credit to your funding account.

Term of Loan

The agreed period of time for you to make full repayment of a loan.

Title Deeds

Legal documents proving ownership of a property.

Top Up Mortgage Loan

An additional amount of money lent to a borrower, increasing the amount owed on an existing loan.

Top-up Loan

An additional mortgage loan lent to a borrower on the same mortgage security.

Tracker Rate Mortgage

A mortgage set at a fixed percentage above the European Central Bank interest rate.

Uncleared Effects

Cheques, drafts or other non-cash items drawn on other financial institutions lodged to your account are shown in the balance of your account although the bank has not received value for them. Until the bank receives value, these items are known as uncleared effects and you may not be able to withdraw these funds until they are cleared.

Uncleared Interest

If you withdraw funds from your account for which your bank has not received value (i.e. a cheque has not cleared), you may be subject to uncleared interest being charged on the amount you have withdrawn.

Valuation Survey

A survey requested by a lender to determine the value of a property.

Variable Interest Rate

This is an interest rate that can change at any time.

Variable Rate

This is an interest rate that may rise and/or fall over the borrowing term.